General information about harvesting and combine harvesters
A combine harvester is a type of agricultural equipment used for the harvesting of plants. This phase of agriculture is called the harvest. It is a name very frequently used around the world for straw cereals such as wheat, barley, oats, rye, or even rice. For corn, we use the term "crop" instead. Actually, wheat occupies the third place on the scale of global importance of cereal reaping, with maize and rice. According to available statistics, global consumption of cereals has reached nearly 2000 tons. The constant growth of global population and demographics is the main reason for this increase. Wheat makes up the main staple diet for almost one third of the global population (mainly for developed countries) .
A combine harvester is capable of reaping and threshing simultaneously. Harvesting grains takes place during summer at the end of July. During this period, the grains achieve maturity. The machine is constructed in such a way that it achieves Cutting, Treshing, Separating, Cleaning, Movement and controls.
History of the combine harvester :
It was in 1834 that the first plans of a combine harvester were filed by the American Byrus McCormick. The work of agriculture and of harvesting was made undeniably easier and quicker because of these technological improvements. At the same time in France, a similar patent for a combine harvester was also developed. Around the middle of the nineteenth century, the first French harvesters were invented. The mass production of combine harvesters started at the beginning of the last century.
Combine harvester and accessories
Types of combine harvesters
There are two types of combine harvesters that differ by their grain separation system :
Machines called "conventional" that are equipped with shakers
Machines called "non-conventional" that use rotor-based systems
Knowing that these combine harvesters can reach very high selling prices (between a hundred and five hundred thousand euros) , they are mainly used by cooperatives, farmer groups, or contractors.
Manufacturers of combine harvesters
Among the most popular manufacturers of combine harvesters, we can cite : Braud, Case IH, New Holland, Claas, Deutz-Fahr, Massey Ferguson, Braud, Caterpillar, Don Roque, Vassalli ,Fendt Gmbh and John Deere.